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Historia y Sociedad

versão impressa ISSN 0121-8417versão On-line ISSN 2357-4720


NAVARRETE-PELAEZ, María-Cristina. The Vicissitudes of a New Christian in the City of Zaragoza (Antioquia) in the 17th Century. Hist. Soc. [online]. 2022, n.42, pp.160-186.  Epub 25-Fev-2022. ISSN 0121-8417.

The article presents the vicissitudes of a Portuguese New Christian living in the city of Zaragoza (Antioquia), in the first half of the seventeenth century, whose religious knowledge surpassed that of his contemporaries. In other words, the article tries to demonstrate to what extent the life and knowledge of Luis Franco Díaz show the existence of dissident discourses against the Catholic orthodoxy of the seventeenth century. To find the answer, the article is based on Antonio Gramsci's concept of hegemony and on authors of Subaltern Studies. Methodologically, it approaches the information offered by the inquisitorial archives of Madrid and Lisbon. Luis Franco Díaz' knowledge was distorted and fell into the hands of the Inquisition of Cartagena de Indias, a hegemonic institution allied to the interests of the Spanish crown. However, thanks to the fortune and influences of his brother, before the Royal Audience of Santa Fe in the New Kingdom, Luis managed to not only escape all charges, but also hold public office in the city of Zaragoza. The article demonstrates that the beliefs of the New Christians were not homogeneous and that alternative discourses circulated.

Palavras-chave : New Christian; convert; Inquisition; blood purity; dominant culture; Catholicism; religious belief; Christianity.

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