Revista MVZ Córdoba
versão impressa ISSN 0122-0268
MOSQUERA C, Xiomara; BERNAL V, Carmen; MUSKUS L, Carlos e BERDUGO G, Jesús. DETECTION OF Brucella abortus IN BLOOD AND MILK OF DAIRY CATTLE BY PCR METHOD. Rev.MVZ Cordoba [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.3, pp. 1504-1513. ISSN 0122-0268.
Objective. To evaluate the use of Polymerase Chain Reaction in the detection of Brucella abortus in cattle blood and milk samples. Materials and methods. Between 2004 and 2005 a descriptive study was carried out. One hundred and thirty six females from three different herds located in Durania, Norte de Santander, Colombia were used. The antibodies to Brucella were detected using ring test (RT). Primers B4 and B5 of internal region of gen BCSP31 (GenBank, number access M20404) were used. From those RT positive animals, blood and milk samples were obtained and along with 33 negative milk samples were evaluated by PCR. Blood samples were not analyzed for antibody detection. Different DNA extraction protocols were evaluated and a Brucella abortus gene was amplified using specific primers. Results. The 13.2% of milk samples were positive to RT (18/136), 30.3% (10/33) of negative samples for RT and 94.1% (16/17) of positive samples were both positive by PCR. It was demonstrated that PCR is an useful tool to detect Brucella abortus DNA, either in milk and blood samples. Conclusions. It was determined by PCR a DNA fragment of Brucella abortus in blood and milk of cattle. The preliminary results showed that it is possible to perform PCR as diagnostic test of brucellosis in Colombia
Palavras-chave : Brucella abortus; PCR; milk, blood; bovines.