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Revista Médica de Risaralda

Print version ISSN 0122-0667


CONTRERAS, Verónica; GONZALEZ, Marco; GUZMAN, Camilo  and  MATTAR, Salim. Q fever: a neglected zoonosis in Colombia. Revista médica Risaralda [online]. 2013, vol.19, n.2, pp.137-146. ISSN 0122-0667.

Q fever is a widespread zoonosis able to cause countless economic losses in domestic ruminants (sheep, goats and cattle). In humans occurs with great versatility of clinical manifestations; more than half of the cases are often asymptomatic, acute infection usually presents as a nonspecific febrile illness, with great potential to develop pneumonia, hepatitis and chronic endocarditis. In most of Latin American countries, Q fever is a neglected disease, mainly due to lack of knowledge and epidemiological association of health professionals, added to the absence of accurate diagnostic tools, which influence the subreport and misdiagnosis of the disease. In this context, the aim of this review was to describe the clinical aspects, eco-epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of Q fever. Was used a systematic search for items, which were critically reviewed and evaluated according to their quality, based on scientific rigor, credibility, relevance and applicability of the results on the subjects covered, in order to provide an update and further knowledge of the disease.

Keywords : Pneumonia; endocarditis; epidemiology; reservoirs; diseases outbreaks.

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