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Revista Médica de Risaralda

Print version ISSN 0122-0667


CASTANEDA-PORRAS, Oneida; SEGURA, Omar; GARON-LARA, Erika Carolina  and  MANOSALVA-SANCHEZ, Carolina. Knowledges, attitudes and practices in front the control of the vector Aedes aegypti, Villanueva-Casanare, Colombia, 2016. Revista médica Risaralda [online]. 2017, vol.23, n.2, pp.14-22. ISSN 0122-0667.

Objective. To dentify in Villanueva’s people their knowledges, attitudes and practices (KAP) about diseases transmitted by Aedes aegypti - Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika viruses, their risk factors, disease-associated signs and symptoms, and individual or collective measures against them. Methods. Cross-sectional. Analysis performed using descriptive statistics with Epi-Info 7.2.0. Results. 211 forms completed; women 155(73.5%), mean age 34,2±17,2 years (range 10-85). Mean residence time in the municipality 19.2±16.8 years (range 1-78). Knowledge about the transmission role of the mosquito oscillates between 76.8%-90.5%; ignorance about their signs and symptoms goes between 90%-100%. We found low knowledge (8.5%-28.0%) and low use (4.7%-27.0%) of prevention/control measures based upon individual or collective actions; 57.8% were not visited by a health worker in the last six months. Most remembered Public Health control measure by respondents was fumigation (42.2%). Conclusions. There is lack of knowledge about both vector and its related diseases. Strong, focused actions by health authority are needed through social mobilization, intensive communities’ support and empowerment.

Keywords : Public Health; Epidemiology; Cross-sectional studies; Health Knowledge; Attitudes; Practice.

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