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Revista Médica de Risaralda

Print version ISSN 0122-0667


UMANA-GIRALDO, Héctor Jairo; JIMENEZ-SALAZAR, Silvana; BUITRAGO-TORO, Kenny  and  ECHEVERRY-BOLANOS, Melissa. Semiology and differential diagnosis of chronic heart failure. Revista médica Risaralda [online]. 2018, vol.24, n.1, pp.49-57. ISSN 0122-0667.

Abstract: heart failure is a clinical syndrome with multifactorial etiology of high prevalence in the world and Latin American population due to the increase in life expectancy. Currently the diagnosis of this is based on the findings of diagnostic tests such as echocardiogram or natriuretic peptic, but it is important for the medical staff to know and clearly identify the signs and symptoms that patients with heart failure present, as it is a current trend To ignore important semiological data that were described and refined during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and which are now validated by evidence-based medicine. This is important because the role of growing technology is not to end or displace clinical knowledge, if not to be a complementary tool for good patient care and thus reach the best possible outcome. This article aims to provide data based on the evidence to make the clinic the fundamental part of the diagnostic process and the patient medical relationship. It is also intended to be a useful guide for medical students or physicians operating in poorly funded areas, as the proper choice of a diagnostic examination can only be carried out through a thorough examination and physical examination.

Keywords : heart failure; Diagnosis; Signs and Symptoms; Colombia.

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