Print version ISSN 0122-4409
VALENCIA SARRIA, Luis Carlos and ESCOBAR SOLANO, Julián Andrés. THE GAME OF UNCERTAINTY: THINKING ABOUT A POLITICAL THEORY OF COMPLEXITY FROM THE PROBLEM OF DEMOCRACY AND THE TOTALITARIANISM. Pap.polit. [online]. 2007, vol.12, n.2, pp. 391-416. ISSN 0122-4409.
In the modern political theory, the analysis of the political sphere has had as axis the category of “order”, reason why does not manage successfully to analyze the imbalances that appear in the political reality of the contemporary societies. An example of this situation is the traditional analysis of the relation that exists between democracy and totalitarianism, which is located like an external relation or as a deformed transit of the democracy. This article looks for to locate this relation as a form of critical adaptation, that is to say, that it implies that the totalitarianism works like a “strange attractor” who derives itself from the democratic structure, like a reaction to the loss of the notion of established order in the mentioned structure. The article proposes an interpretation of the democracy like a conditional open system by categories different from the order like central element of political analysis.
Keywords : Democracy; Totalitarianism; Order; Liberty; Political theory; Political theory; Democracy; Totalitarianism; Communisn and liberty.