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vol.4 issue4MICROALGAE BASED BIOREFINERY: ISSUES TO CONSIDERMETHODOLOGY TO INCREASE OIL RESERVES BY IDENTIFYING OPTIMAL TIME TO ABANDON NON-ECONOMIC WELLS author indexsubject indexarticles search
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CT&F - Ciencia, Tecnología y Futuro

Print version ISSN 0122-5383
On-line version ISSN 2382-4581

Abstract

ESCOBAR-MACUALO, Freddy-Humberto; MARTINEZ-PEREZ, Javier-Andrés  and  BONILLA-CAMACHO, Luis-Fernando. PRESSURE AND PRESSURE DERIVATIVE ANALYSIS WITHOUT TYPE-CURVE MATCHING FOR THERMAL RECOVERY PROCESSES. C.T.F Cienc. Tecnol. Futuro [online]. 2011, vol.4, n.4, pp.23-36. ISSN 0122-5383.

In recent years, a constant increase of oil prices and declining reserves of coventional crude oils have produced those deposits of lights to be considered economically unattractive to be produced as an alternative way to keep the world´s oil supply volume. Heavy oil deposits are mainly characterized by having high resistance to flow (high viscosity), which makes them diffi-cult to produce. Since oil viscosity is a property that is reduced by increasing the temperature, thermal recovery techniques -such as steam injection or in-situ combustion- have become over the years the main tool for tertiary recovery of these oils. Composite reservoirs can occur naturally or may be artificially created. Changes in reservoir width, facies or type of fluid (hydraulic contact) forming two different regions are examples of two-zone composite reservoirs occurring naturally. On the other hand, such enhanced oil recovery projects as waterflooding, polymer floods, gas injection, in-situ combustion, steamdrive, and CO2 miscible artificially create conditions where the reservoir can be considered as a composite system. A reservoir undergoing a thermal recovery process is typically idealized as a two-zone composite reservoir, in which, the inner region represents the swept region surrounding the injection well and the outer region represents the larger portion of the reservoir. Additionally, there is a great contrast between the mobilities of the two zones and the storativity ratio being different to one. In this work, the models and techniques developed and implemented by other authors have been enhanced. Therefore, the interpretations of the well tests can be done in an easier way, without using type-curve matching. A methodology which utilizes a pressure and pressure derivative plot is developed for reservoirs subjected to thermal recovery so that mobilities, storativity ratio, distance to the radial discontinuity or thermal front and the drainage area can be estimated. The precedence of the heat source (in-situ combustion or hot injected fluids) does not really matter for the application of this methodology; however, this was successfully verified by its application to synthetic and field examples of in-situ combustion. The point of comparison was the input data used for simulation for the synthetic case and the results from simulation matching and from previous studies for the field cases.

Keywords : Pressure derivative; Well test; Pressure analysis; Composite reservoirs; Diffusivity ratio; Storativity ratio.

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