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Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

Print version ISSN 0122-9354

Abstract

DIAZ LOPEZ, Elvis Alexander; URIBE VELASQUEZ, Luís Fernando  and  NARVAEZ SOLARTE, William. Blood Biochemistry and Plasma Corticosterone Concentration in Broiler Chickens Under Heat Stress. Rev. Med. Vet. [online]. 2014, n.28, pp.31-42. ISSN 0122-9354.

High ambient temperatures cause susceptibility to heat stress in broiler chickens, generating metabolic changes. This paper seeks to determine the changes in blood biochemistry and plasma corticosterone concentration, as well as in glucose, total protein, albumin, globulin, sodium, chlorine, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, and calcium in broiler chickens under chronic heat stress and at ambient temperature conditions at the Colombian Amazonian piedmont. 21-days-old male chickens of two lines were studied, distributed in an unrestricted random design, in a two-factor scheme, with four treatments. Five repetitions per treatment were performed, and 25 animals per experimental unit examined. Broilers were fed a basic diet of corn and soybean meal with 3,100 kcal ME and 19.5% protein until they reached 42 days of age. The line factor had no effect on the evaluated variables (p ≥ 0.05). However, there was statistically significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) in all variables when concentrations of metabolites in broilers under chronic heat stress were compared to those of chickens exposed to ambient temperatures at the Colombian Amazon piedmont. In conclusion, blood biochemistry suffered significant changes under both experimental temperatures, with more physiological detriment in broilers under chronic heat stress. Concentration of corticosterone became the most sensitive and consistent indicator of the physiological condition of chronic heat stress.

Keywords : poultry farming; albumin; line; stress; globulins.

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