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Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

Print version ISSN 0122-9354

Abstract

OSPINA CHIRIVI, Juan Carlos  and  RONDEROS HERRERA, Mónica Daniela. Pathophysiology of Equine Neonatal Septicemia. Rev. Med. Vet. [online]. 2014, n.28, pp.117-125. ISSN 0122-9354.

Neonatal septicemia is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in horses in their first seven days of life and within their pathophysiology. It is important to consider the extrinsic and intrinsic predisposing factors which make foals susceptible to agents of primarily bacterial etiology. However, other types of infectious etiology (viruses and fungi) should be considered too, as well as noninfectious etiologies. The paper mentions a wide variety of mechanisms that produce different injuries that must be addressed with measures of critical neonatal care, so it is imperative for the veterinarian to know the pathogenic mechanisms of the disease, its clinical presentation and anatomo-pathological lesions. Thus, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), and peripheral circulatory collapse or shock are some of the elements defined as the pillars of the pathophysiology of neonatal septicemia, extensively studied in equine medicine. This paper presents a short review of the triggering mechanisms of neonatal septicemia highlighting the importance of epidemiological investigations in Colombia. It shows the need for retrospective and prospective studies and for divulgation of some of the preventive measures of the disease in horses.

Keywords : horses; pathophysiology; neonatal; septicemia; SIRS; shock.

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