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Revista de Medicina Veterinaria

Print version ISSN 0122-9354

Abstract

PINEROS, Ricardo  and  MOGOLLON GALVIS, José Darío. Coronavirus in Pigs: Significance and Presentation of Swine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) in Colombia. Rev. Med. Vet. [online]. 2015, n.29, pp.73-89. ISSN 0122-9354.

The article seeks to study general aspects of the main coronaviruses affecting pigs, their presentation in Colombia, and particular aspects of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), emerging in different countries and generating a great impact on the health and economy of the swine industry. The main coronaviruses affecting swine are porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), porcine respiratory coronavirus (PRCV), porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus (PHEV), PEDV, and porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV). Long ago in Colombia there had been reports of TGEV and PRCV associated with the importation of animals from the United States, which was controlled in the infected farms and in quarantine units. PEDV was first detected in Colombia in mid-March 2014; the Colombian Agricultural Institute issued a health alert in Neiva (Huila), Fusagasugá and Silvania (Cundinamarca), and Puerto López (Meta) due to the unusual presentation of epidemic vomiting and diarrhea in young and adult animals, abortion in pregnant sows, with high mortality rates (up to 100%) in animals during the first week of age. At present the disease has been reported in other municipalities of the country as well as in different countries with similar clinical conditions and mortality rates in pigs with high economic losses for the swine sector.

Keywords : porcine coronavirus; Colombia; porcine epidemic diarrhea (PEDV).

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