Educación y Educadores
versão impressa ISSN 0123-1294
CONTRERAS ORTIZ, Juan Fernando. El Derecho Internacional Humanitario : principio de una educación para la paz . educ.educ. [online]. 2006, vol.9, n.1, pp. 177-189. ISSN 0123-1294.
In this paper, a theoretical framework of the armed conflict is presented in the first place and then, the main milestones of the appearance and development of IHR and its regulations are outlined. Subsequently, the paper makes a general outline of its applications in the Colombian conflict. Finally, there is a proposal aiming at raising awareness of the need for an educational project that reinforces the IHR proposals and guides its eventual formulation. This proposal is made on the basis of a conception of education which is not reduced to training but regards the human attribute as a foundation for the know how to do. It aims at an understanding of IHR not as a simple regulation of the war, but as a way of living under the principles of justice and respect for human dignity. This would cause a person formed in these principles, not only to face conflict situations in a non-violent way but also, as a last resort, to contribute with their attitude to the prevention of war. On this basis, fewer actors of the armed conflict will be willing to commit atrocious actions which could backfire.
Palavras-chave : Education for peace; International Humanitarian Right; Colombia; armed conflict.