Educación y Educadores
Print version ISSN 0123-1294
MARTINEZ-DIAZ, Esther Susana; DIAZ, Neila and RODRIGUEZ, Diego E.. The Assistance Framework in Reading Comprehension Processes for University Students. educ.educ. [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.3, pp. 531-556. ISSN 0123-1294.
This study looked at the reading comprehension processes of twenty (20) psychology students at a private university. Based on the results of that investigation, a program with a framework for assistance in reading comprehension at the level of scientific texts was designed and applied. A mixed method was used to develop the investigative process. A quasi-experimental control group, with a pre-test and a post-test, was designed for the quantitative strategy, while the focus group interview technique, coupled with the production and analysis of written texts, was applied as the qualitative strategy. With respect to the sequence of reading comprehension, a tool to evaluate the metacognitive processes students use when reading was designed and validated. Personal summaries were produced to assess the comprehension of scientific texts, the idea being to re-create the text by articulating experiences through drawing on previous knowledge and checking different sources such as articles, studies and texts, among others. The pre-test results show teachers have not been overly concerned about intervening in the way students deal with the texts for their courses. The post-test results show it is possible to improve writing and reading comprehension of scientific texts through teacher mediation.
Keywords : Reading comprehension; study skills; support for education; university teaching; teaching practices.