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Educación y Educadores

Print version ISSN 0123-1294

Abstract

BELTRAN-VILLAMIZAR, Yolima Ivonne; MARTINEZ-FUENTES, Yexica Lizeth  and  VARGAS-BELTRAN, Ángela Sofía. The Colombian Educational System on the Road to Inclusion: Progress and Challenges. educ.educ. [online]. 2015, vol.18, n.1, pp.62-75. ISSN 0123-1294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5294/edu.2015.18.1.4.

This paper is an attempt to analyze the progress and challenges of inclusive education in Colombia, through a comparative analysis of policies and strategies developed within the country and the measures taken by Spain in the same direction. Nine categories were defined for this analysis, based on the key elements identified in the international agreements with names preceded by "UNESCO": 1) the inclusive education approach, 2) focus groups, 3) responsible parties and resources, 4) teaching and learning strategies, 5) curriculum design, 6) educational levels, 7) teacher training, 8) community involvement and 9) evaluation and monitoring. The sources of information include official documentsfrom the agencies in each country that oversee and direct educational services, as well as national legislation currently in effect. The results of this analysis indicate the two countries in question are not so far apart in terms of their legislation and recognition of the principle of inclusion. This shows Colombia has adapted its policy on education to reflect international guidelines. However, it is clear the implementation of these guidelines is still far from inclusive.

Keywords : Right to education; inclusive education; special education; educational policy.

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