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Boletín Científico. Centro de Museos. Museo de Historia Natural

Print version ISSN 0123-3068

Abstract

MONTOYA B, Sandra et al. MACROMYCETES FOUND IN THE DEPARTMENT OF CALDAS FORESTS: THEIR INFLUENCE IN THE BALANCE AND CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY. Bol. Cient. Mus. Hist. Nat. Univ. Caldas [online]. 2010, vol.14, n.2, pp.57-73. ISSN 0123-3068.

Some diversity and distribution patterns of macromycetes, related to the anthropogenic landscape in several forest stretches in the Department of Caldas, were analyzed in this study. It was proposed to evaluate all the types found in the different field trips which were carried out. A relation of all types found is made as indicators for the biological monitoring of the Eco-region. The types found mainly correspond to the Agaricales order with 12 families and 35 types, followed by the Polypores order with 5 families and 11 types, while the accessions found in less quantity were those corresponding to the orders Auricular, Geastrales, Gleophyllales, Gomphales, Hymenochaetales, Leotiales, Russulales, Schizophyllales and Xylariales. The materials in which all these macromycetes types were found, were defined in seven substrata including rotten trunks (RT), fallen leaves (FL), organic matter (OM), live trunks (LT), soil (S), equine manure (EM) and vegetables remains (VR). Also, this work pretends to make a part of the research and monitoring studies of the Department of Caldas Eco-region in order to understand the biological processes generated in this region and, from these, propose alternative ways for the management and conservation of the resources that compose biodiversity. The importance of fungus in the ecosystems balance and in the maintenance of biodiversity in the tropical forests in also presented.

Keywords : Types of macromycetes; Department of Caldas forestry; substrates of the Ecoregion; conservation of biodiversity.

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