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Persona y Bioética

versão impressa ISSN 0123-3122

Resumo

GRIJALBA-UCHE, Miguel  e  ECHARTE, Luis Enrique. HOMEOSTASIS AND INTELLECTUAL REPRESENTATIONS: AN APPROACH TO MORAL BEHAVIOR BASED ON ANTONIO DAMASIO'S THEORY OF EMOTIONS. pers.bioét. [online]. 2015, vol.19, n.1, pp.80-98. ISSN 0123-3122.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5294/PEBI.2015.19.1.7.

Antonio Damasio has developeda theory of the human mind and moral conduct based on his hypothesis regarding the evolution of biological self-regulation mechanisms. In it, he affords the ability to represent organism-world relationships an important role in the organizational changes (and, ultimately, in normative or regulatory changes) that emerge from systems with a central nervous system. Specifically, in this article, the authors first analyze the theory of biology-mind dual homeostasis that characterizes rational agents. From that perspective, consciousness is the product and manifestation of complex procedures for processing representations, which favor nonconscious regulation. Moreover, to understand conscious processes Damasio also says it is crucial to know how the evolution of these mechanisms is associated with the development of neural areas near the emotional cortex, especially the cingulate gyrus. The arguments Damasio uses to link representational processes with particular human concern for the feelings of others (a phenomenon that identifies the origin of ethical standards and, ultimately, of what he calls social homeostasis) is the second question the authors evaluate.

Palavras-chave : homeostasis; emotion; feeling; moral conduct; regulations; Damasio.

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