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Íkala, Revista de Lenguaje y Cultura

Print version ISSN 0123-3432

Abstract

GONZALEZ, Raúl Eduardo  and  CARPIO, María Belén. Periphrastic causativization in Toba from Eastern and Western Formosa province (Argentina). Íkala [online]. 2017, vol.22, n.3, pp.439-454. ISSN 0123-3432.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.ikala.v22n03a05.

The aim of this paper is to analyze, from a functionalist perspective, periphrastic causative constructions in Toba from Eastern and Western Formosa province, and comparatively between the two varieties. Particularly, this paper focuses on the features of degree of fusion of the cause and effect predicate, their order, and paradigmatic variability. The periphrastic causative constructions in Toba from Eastern Formosa that were described were previously undetected in the mutually intelligible varieties in the province of Chaco. Besides, findings show that this construction differs, especially in terms of its degree of grammaticalization, from periphrastic construction in Toba from Western Formosa. The corpus is composed of oral texts and elicited clauses collected during fieldwork pursued in three communities: Vaca Perdida in Western Formosa, and Nam Qom neighborhood and Bartolomé de las Casas in Eastern and Middle-Eastern Formosa. This paper is a contribution to comparative studies on periphrastic causative constructions of two varieties of Toba. In the absence of diachronic sources, the synchronic comparison of genetically related languages, but spoken by ethnohistorically different peoples, provides empirical evidence to hypothetically postulate grammaticalization processes in course.

Keywords : syntactic causatives; grammaticalization; functional typological linguistics; verbal paradigmatic variability; Guaycuruan; Toba..

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