Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología
versión impresa ISSN 0123-3475
MONTALVO FERNANDEZ, Grecia et al. First report of the employment of ISTR markers in Cactaceae (Pilosocereus sp). Rev. colomb. biotecnol [online]. 2010, vol.12, n.2, pp. 223-229. ISSN 0123-3475.
Pilosocereus sp is a species in critical extinction danger, the only known population is in a mine of green marble, abandoned today, but it exploitation produced the decrease of the population's 80% in 3 years, at the present time they are 28 individuals, of them some few ones are mature, of those which alone two produce fruits. One of the necessary stages for their recovery is the seedlings production to carry out the natural population's reinforcement. As the obtained plants they will be planted under natural conditions, where they will face diverse environmental situations, it is convenient to carry out a study of genetic diversity. The objective of this work was to estimate the genetic variability using the technical Inverse Sequence Tagged Repeat (ISTR). In vitro germination of seeds of Pilosocereus sp and the genetic variability of the obtained seedlings was determined. With the molecular analysis a total of 97 bands were detected, of them 62.8% were polymorphic. The biggest percentage of polymorphism (85.7%) was obtained with the primer combination F6/B6. With the primer combinations employed were detected from 4 to 6 different band patterns. The heterocigocity hoped was 0.39.
Palabras llave : Cactaceae; variability; extintion; polymorphism.