Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología
versión impresa ISSN 0123-3475
ALBERTI, Esteban et al. Study of genetic polymorphism of the bone marrow and the central nervous system of rats cells by RAPD technique. Rev. colomb. biotecnol [online]. 2011, vol.13, n.1, pp. 42-51. ISSN 0123-3475.
Experimental models have been of grate usefulness in the therapeutic or replacement cells in neurodegenerative diseases. It has been demonstrated that bone marrow cells (BMC), can be difefferentiated in cells that do not form part of their normal lineage. There is evidence of these trans-differentiation processes in these cells, but nevertheless, molecular mechanisms that activate these differentiation process still not known. The purpose of our work was to study the genetic polymorphism of those cellular types; that conform the rat bone marrow cells (BMC) as well as those of the central nervous system (CNS), striatum cells and cortex ones, trough RAPD technique. BM, mononuclear cells (BMMC), estromal cells (BMSC) and the CNS cells were obtained from rats and genomic ADN was purified and amplified through RAPD technique, using 15 random primers. A dendogram was constructed according to UPGMA method of the amplifying RAPD bands. Studied cells as- according to the RAPD analysis- were grouped into 2 well- defined groups, as CEMO coud be differentiated from the rest of studied cells. OPA-6, 7 and 12 primers showed the genetic polymorphism of the studied lineages cells. Also will be proposed specific RAPD genetic markers. Through RAPD technique permitted the genetic variability was demonstrated betwen BMEC and BMMC of striated cells and of cortex, which demonstratd a genetic homogeneity through RAPD technique so specific genetic markers of RAPD were thus propose for each group of cells. These constitute the first study on genetic polymorphism of BMC and CNS.
Palabras llave : Bone marrow cells; central nervous system; genetic polymorphism; RAPD.