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Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología

Print version ISSN 0123-3475

Abstract

ARAIZA LIZARDE, Nidia; ARAIZA LIZARDE, Evelia  and  MARTINEZ MARTINEZ, Juan Guillermo. Evaluation of germination and seedling Growth of Chiltepín (Capsicum annuum L variedad glabriusculum) greenhouse. Rev. colomb. biotecnol [online]. 2011, vol.13, n.2, pp.170-175. ISSN 0123-3475.

The chiltepin is one of the natural resources of the sinaloense saw, which reaches a commercial value of $100.00 mexican pesos for 250 g approximately, due to the fact that its crop implies penetrating in the low caducifolia jungle and crossing kilometeres to be able to obtain it, in addition the persons of the region who collect it obtain the resource of an irrational way extracting the plant in its entirety from the root, which causes a minor production in the following season of crop. Due to the fact that it is a native plant of the highland region and that the conditions of germination of the seed are achieved when the fruit is consumed by birds and passes for its digestive tract, it is a plant difficult to cultivate. By what preliminary studies were realized to evaluate the germinative percentage of the plant of chiltepín. There was placed to the shade for one month a whole of 2 000 seeds distributed in 4 charolas by 500 seeds each one. To stimulate the germination the hormone of growth was used giberelina. The beginning of the germination was observed to 8 days, reaching a month an average height of 6.5 cm. The percentage of germination that was reached under these conditions is 97 % (in other studies it has been achieved to obtain in the laboratory up to 57 % of germination), which indicates that in the laboratory it is feasible to cultivate it in a favorable way. It is necessary to realize researches related to the growth, development and establishment of the culture of chiltepín to generate in the region economic resources that derive from this activity.

Keywords : Giberelic acid; Capsicum annuum L.; Germination; Chiltepín; natural..

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