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Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología

Print version ISSN 0123-3475

Abstract

RODRIGUEZ-MARTINEZ, Rafael et al. Numerical analysis on stresses and contact areas in a TKR Scorpio II® of Stryker®. Basis to design of customized TKR in accordance to Mexican Phenotype. Rev. colomb. biotecnol [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.1, pp.28-41. ISSN 0123-3475.

Wear of UHMWPE inserts continues affecting the longevity of total knee replacements (TKR) together with septic loosening, and both constitute two main causes of prosthesis failure. It is necessary to find appropriate solutions to avoid excessive wear and failure of polyethylene inserts. In this work a study was carried out by means of numeric simulation of a Scorpio II® Stryker® TKR, which was retired due to wear of UHMWPE in the Hospital 1° de Octubre of ISSSTE in Mexico city. Hypotheses of Bartel et al. (1995) and Chillag et al. (1991) were used, which settle down that wear of polyethylene can decrease using thicker tibial inserts, which can be reduced contact pressures. Analyses of this work was carried out by means of FEM varying insert thickness of 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14 mm, considered quasi-static axial loads actuating on the articulation with zero degrees of flexion and loads equivalent to 1.33 times of bodyweight of a subject of 75 kg (736 N) was considered. Normalized gait cycle was employed and results obtained are similar to those reported by Bei et al. (2004) and Deen et al. (2006). After validating the method, a model of study case of TKR in FEM was developed and the curves of stress and contact areas of UHMWPE were determined, with which important information was obtained to modify the design, as well as to obtain a prosthesis of optimal conformity in both coronal and sagital planes of the femoral and UHMWPE inserts, in agreement with characteristics of the Mexican phenotype.

Keywords : Numerical simulation; wear; contact pressure; femoral insert; tibial tray; UHMWPE; geometrical conformity.

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