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Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología

Print version ISSN 0123-3475

Abstract

CARDONA BUSTOS, Nadya Lorena; PAVAS, Harold  and  FERNANDEZ, Erika Pamela. Effect of the raw filtrate of Purpureocillium sp. (UdeA0106 strain) on the eclosion of eggs and the motility of Meloidogyne incognitajavanica juveniles. Rev. colomb. biotecnol [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.2, pp.37-44. ISSN 0123-3475.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rev.colomb.biote.v16n2.47241.

Meloidogyne incognita-javanica represents an important threat to the agricultural crops, and it is necessary to seek alternatives for its control. The aim of this research it was to evaluate a crude filtrate from the strain Purpureocillium sp. UdeA0106 in order to establish the in vitro effect on the egg hatching and the immobility of juvenile stages of Meloidogyne spp. The mediums evaluated were malt extract broth (MEB), yeast extract broth (YEB), and potato dextrose broth (PDB), after which it was chosen the one that didn't produce any damages on nematode eggs and allowed the emergence of the larval stages. The fungus was multiplied for 7 days, and then it was filtrated. To evaluate its effect on the eggs and the J2 of Meloidogyne spp., filtrate concentrations were made at 100 %, 90 %, 70 %, 50 %, 25 % and 10 %, contrasting them with a control composed of the J2 stages in sterile distilled water and PDB. The variables evaluated were the percentage of altered eggs and the immobility observed in J2 stages. The experimental unit was the Petri dish, each one containing 200 eggs /J2. Each treatment was replicated 5 times. It was used a completely randomized design, and an ANOVA was performed (P = 0,05) as well as a multiple comparison test (Tukey). Significant differences were found between all treatments (P < 0,05), although the most effective in inhibiting both egg hatching and J2 mobility (96,8 %) were the full strength filtering (100 %). The dilutions at 90 % and 70 %, were able to produce effects with high percentages in the immobility.

Keywords : Meloidogyne incognita-javanica; Purpureocillium sp.; Biological control of nematodes; Fungus metabolites.

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