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Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología

Print version ISSN 0123-3475


HERRERA-CRUZ, Edwin et al. Use of probiotics in the catfish Sorubim cuspicaudus larviculture. Rev. colomb. biotecnol [online]. 2023, vol.25, n.2, pp.50-61.  Epub Feb 02, 2024. ISSN 0123-3475.

Sorubim cuspicaudus, a migratory catfish distributed in the Magdalena, Sinú, and Catatumbo river basins, is categorized as vulnerable to extinction. Production of fingerlings in controlled environments stands as a strategic conservation approach, and larviculture is a critical phase in rearing this species. Probiotics are used for improvement in the critical stages of fingerling production. The study aimed to evaluate the use of probiotics (Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis) during the larviculture phase of S. cuspicaudus. Larvae at 42 hours post-hatching (1.5±0.1mg, total length 5.7±0.4mm) were treated with four levels of probiotic inclusion in the water: 0, 5, 10, and 20ppm for 22 days. Water quality remained within suitable ranges for neotropical catfish species larviculture and the parameters assessed were weight gain (Gw), length gain (Gl), specific growth rate (G), survival rate (S), stress resistance (Sr), intestinal fold length (LF), and colony-forming units (CFU) count. Results showed higher Gl (22.23±3.5mm), Gw (40.0±12.6mg), G (14.9±1.5%/day), LP (205±72.7µm), and CFU (118.7±80.9) were found at 20 ppm (p<0.05). However, S and Sr exhibited no significant differences among treatments (p>0.05). The findings of this study suggest that probiotics (Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis) could be used as an alternative to advance in the S. cuspicaudus larviculture.

Keywords : Bacillus; growth; intestinal folds; migratory fish; pimelodidae.

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