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Revista Colombiana de Biotecnología

Print version ISSN 0123-3475


CORTES-HERNANDEZ, Fabiola del Carmen; ALVARADO-CASTILLO, Gerardo  and  SANCHEZ-VIVEROS, Gabriela. Trichoderma spp., an alternative for sustainable agriculture: a review. Rev. colomb. biotecnol [online]. 2023, vol.25, n.2, pp.73-87.  Epub Feb 05, 2024. ISSN 0123-3475.

Currently, one of the most critical challenges facing farmers is the production of food under adverse weather conditions. By 2050, an increase in the production of staple foods is estimated due to demographics, thereby increasing the depletion of natural resources. Among the biological alternatives is the use of inputs based on beneficial microorganisms such as the Trichoderma genus, which have been used in agricultural fields for biological control against a large number of phytopathogens. However, other beneficial properties of this genus for the plants it colonizes, and the ecosystem are still little known. Therefore, a search for scientific articles was carried out in Academic Search Ultimate, BioOne, Acsess, Esmerald, Fuente Academic, ScienceDirect and Springer, between 2015 and 2023, with two exceptions from previous years. The keyword “Trichoderma” was used and those related to microbial interactions and their agricultural application. Therefore, this review summarizes the current bibliographic findings of this genus, that shows its high capacity towards the sustainable development of agroecosystems. Several investigations report its ability to induce plant defense, promote growth and root development, and stimulate and synthesize substances that help strengthen soil fertility. This improves the yields of the crops to which they are associated. With this, the application of Trichoderma can reduce the negative effects caused by the use of agrochemicals and synthetic fertilizers, contributing to a more sustainable production.

Keywords : biological control; biostimulant; resilient agriculture; secondary metabolites.

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