Psicología desde el Caribe
versão On-line ISSN 2011-7485
GARAIGORDOBIL, Maite e DONADO BADILLO, María Rosalía. Sexism, Personality, Psychopathology, and Leisure Activities in Colombian Adolescents: Differences as a Function of the Level of Development of the City of Residence. Psicol. caribe [online]. 2011, n.27, pp. 85-111. ISSN 2011-7485.
The purpose of the study was to analyze the differences between the adolescents from two Colombian cities (Barranquilla and Bogota), with different levels of development, in sexism, personality traits, social competences, psychopathological symptoms, and leisure activities. The sample comprised 846 Colombian adolescents, aged 14 to 16 years, 51.7% from Barranquilla and 48.3% from Bogota (59.3% male; 40.7% female). Seven assessment instruments, with guarantees of reliability and validity, were administered, using a cross-sectional, descriptive, and comparative research design. The results of the analyses (MANOVA, t-test) confirmed that: 1) The adolescents from both cities had similar levels of hostile sexism and neosexism, but in benevolent and ambivalent sexism and in sexual role ideology, the adolescents from Barranquilla scored significantly higher; 2) The adolescents from Barranquilla obtained significantly higher scores in self-concept, extraversion, agreeableness, responsibility, behaviors of social sensitivity, help-collaboration, and firmness in interaction and prosocial leadership; whereas the adolescents from Bogota scored significantly higher in neuroticism, aggressive behaviors, anxiety-shyness, and the global index of psychopathological symptoms; and 3) In their free time, Colombian adolescents usually perform social and sports activities and, to a lesser degree, artistic activities, and few intellectual activities; although the adolescents from Bogota carried out more sports activities than those from Barranquilla, there were no differences in the rest of the activities. Although they were more sexist, the adolescents from Barranquilla had a more adaptive personality and social behavior profile, and fewer psychopathological symptoms than those from Bogota. The implicit influence of culture in personality and psychopathological patterns is discussed.
Palavras-chave : sexism; adolescence; personality; psychopathology..