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Psicología desde el Caribe

Print version ISSN 0123-417XOn-line version ISSN 2011-7485


PULIDO ACOSTA, FEDERICO  and  HERRERA CLAVERO, FRANCISCO. Opposite emotional states and emotional intelligence in adolescence. Psicol. caribe [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.1, pp.70-90.  Epub May 05, 2021. ISSN 0123-417X.

This work has as main objective to analyze the types and levels of Anxiety, Happiness and Emotional Intelligence, according to age, gender, culture and socioeconomic, as well as the relationships that could be given between both variables. To make it possible we focused on 811 participants; 71.6% of the total were Muslims and 28.4% belonged to the Christian religion, 46.1% were male and 53.9% female. The techniques used in this survey were the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC, Spielberger, 2001), a Happiness questionnaire, as well as an EI questionnaire, built for their use. The results reflect medium-low levels in Anxiety and medium-high in Happiness. Both variables are influenced in a very different way by the sociodemographic factors of age, gender, culture and socioeconomic conversely. We found an statistically significant relationship between Anxiety and Happiness. This relationship was inversely proportional. So, it is possible to consider this variables opposite emotional states. Emotional Intelligence is influenced in a very different way by the sociodemographic factors of age, gender, culture and socioeconomic. There is no statistically significant relationship between Anxiety and Emotional Intelligence but we found it between Emotional Intelligence and Happiness.

Keywords : Emotions; Emotional States; Anxiety; Happiness; Emotional Intelligence.

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