Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica
versão impressa ISSN 0123-4226
ONATRA, William et al. CORRELATION BETWEEN ACUTE RESPIRATORY DISEASE (ARE) IN PREGNANT WOMEN AND THE AIR QUALITY. rev.udcaactual.divulg.cient. [online]. 2009, vol.12, n.2, pp. 27-37. ISSN 0123-4226.
Environmental pollution is one of the factors that contribute to exacerbate respiratory diseases (ERA) and can affect pregnancy. The records of outpatient and emergency entrances of the Hospital of Suba, were studied and tabulated, correlating the five leading causes of ERA with the monthly averages of particulated materials PM10s, fume concentration NO, N02, NOx, SO2, radiant flux (W), wind direction (DV), environmental temperature (TPM). In the evaluation, statistical measures of central tendency and the Pearson index were used. 6310 cases entering the Hospital were tabulated, corresponding 1,307 (27.9%) to pregnant women. The five leading causes of ERA presented a frequency of non specified asthma (26.1%), tonsillitis (24.4%) flu (21.8%), pharyngitis (16%) and asthma (11.5%). Variation average of the variables showed differences between the first and the second term: W (X = X 1.77vs = 1.55), DV (225.7 vs. 199.5), T°C (16.8 vs. 15.6) and PM10 (94.23 vs. 84.86); for the fumes NO (10.5 vs. 15.2), NO2 (15.9vs16.4), NOx (28.5 vs. 31.8) and SO2 (2.0 vs 3.2). The correlation showed a strong association between PM10, SO2 and non specific asthma (p < 0.007 and 0.0048) and DV and flu state (0.048) It was concluded that the environmental pollution is present in a cyclical manner during the year affecting the ERA in pregnant women, existing a significant correlation between PM10, SO2 and non specific asthma and, DV and statements flu.
Palavras-chave : Acute respiratory disease (ARD); pregnancy; air pollution.