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Revista de Derecho Privado

versão impressa ISSN 0123-4366


CHAMIE, José Félix. The Principle of Reductio ad Aequitatem by Contract Imbalance. Rev. Derecho Privado [online]. 2012, n.22, pp.219-275. ISSN 0123-4366.

Abstract The demands of today's world, to be addressed, needs the proposal of dogmatic categories that contribute to the development of the legal system unifying concepts, simplifying interpretive trails, and on the basis of the tradition itself, redesigning the right tools to improve putting in tune with the demands of our time. Hence the author's intent to venture into a historical-dogmatic reconstruction of well-known figures in the tradition of the roman-Germanic legal system, in order to identify a principle of moderation in contracts. A principle of balance since the days of medieval School is housed in the reductio ad aequitatem expression and is performed with instruments that seek to correct and adjust the contract accordingly. Thus, the author looks at the moments of celebration and performance of contract, to observe the ratio of the institutes that serve the cause of equity to adjust the synallagma, contrast abuses and imbalances caused by the parties or by unforeseeable events.

Palavras-chave : undue influence; comparative law; contract balance; European law; Latin American law; medieval law; Roman law; state of necessity; state of danger; laesio enormis; principles of law; rebus sic stantibus; termination of contract; legal system; unforeseeable events; romanist tradition; unification of law.

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