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Revista Colombiana de Cancerología

Print version ISSN 0123-9015


CUERVO-MALDONADO, Sonia Isabel et al. Recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of bacterial and fungal infections in cancer patients older than 15 years with febrile neutropenia after high-risk chemotherapy: A Clinical Practice Guideline. rev.colomb.cancerol. [online]. 2014, vol.18, n.4, pp.186-196. ISSN 0123-9015.

Objective: Current cancer treatment is intended to improve survival by implementing intensified chemotherapy strategies, which increases the likelihood of neutropenia and favors the development of bacterial and invasive fungal infections. This paper summarizes clinical practice guideline recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of bacterial and fungal infections in patients older than 15 years with febrile neutropenia after high risk chemotherapy. Methods: Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. A set of clinical questions was defined, a literature search performed, critical appraisal of the evidence, as the development of recommendations. An economic assessment was carried out on two alternative schemes for fungal therapy. Results: This article includes recommendations for the diagnosis of bacterial and fungal infections in neutropenic patients, prophylaxis for bacterial and fungal infections, empiric antimicrobial treatment, empiric and anticipated antifungal therapy in patients over 15 years, according to the microbiology setting in Colombia. Conclusions: Timely implementation of these recommendations according to each clinical context, should contribute to improve survival and reduce infection-derived morbidity in patients with chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia.

Keywords : Practice Guideline; Febrile neutropenia; Neutropenia; Infection; Fever; Neoplasms/tumors; Colombia.

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