Acta Colombiana de Psicología
versão impressa ISSN 0123-9155
This work analyzes the development of reading/writing skills, specifying two phases: acquisition and dominion. In the first phase, it shows the different conceptual levels developed by the child, from early ages, in his attempt for understand the written language. It describes the paper of gestures, scribbles, drawings and games, as the first constructions with symbolic characteristics. Conceptualization of the child, on the writing system, corresponds to the hypotheses of the name, amount, variety, and syllabics, all of which evidence the construction of knowledge. It makes concrete the acquisition of phonologic, syntactic and semantic awareness. In the second phase, the dominion one, it appears a series of processes (perceptive, lexical, syntactic, and semantic) and strategies (metacognitive, inferential, etc.) determining the level of literacy or dominion of the writing system. This study states that development of the written language initiates with the conceptual prehistory of the gestures, scribbles, etc., it continues with the formal acquisition of the reading/writing skills, and it finalizes with the dominion to comprehend and produce written texts. The dominion of linguistic, cognitive, metacognitive, conceptual, and other processes is determined by the level of awareness of these processes.
Palavras-chave : development of reading/writing skills; acquisition of reading/writing skills; dominion of reading/writing skills.