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Infectio

Print version ISSN 0123-9392

Abstract

PINILLA, Gladys et al. Isolation of Staphylococcus epidermidis strain carrier of the class one integron in a septic neonatal patient. Infect. [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.3, pp.196-202. ISSN 0123-9392.

Objective: To determine the presence and the sequence of the class one integron in a Staphylococcus epidermidis strain isolated from a septic neonatal patient. Materials and methods: The S. epidermidis strain was isolated from a blood culture of a newborn. The microbiological identification, test of sensitivity and molecular characterization of the integrase gene int/1, the cassette gene aac6; aac6´aph2´´ resistant gene to aminoglycoside antibiotics and mecA gene resistant to ß-lactamics were realized. Results: The nucleotide sequence of the integrase gen intl1 in S. epidermidis is reported, which showed a 78% similarity to the reported sequence of the NCBI data base in Gram negative bacteria. The gene cassette aac6 aac6´ (aminoglycoside acetilation) was also identified within the class one integron confering aminoglycoside resistance. Through molecular characterization we also found the aminoglycoside ß-lactamics resistance genes (aac6´aph2´y mecA ´); the susceptibility tests showed resistance to ampicilin, oxacilin and gentamicin. Conclusions: The nucleotide sequence of the integrase gen int/1 is reported for the first time in Colombia in a S. epidermidis strain isolated from a septic neonatal patient, at the neonatal care unit of a third level hospital in Bogotá. This integrase in class one integron was reported, which has shown multiresistance association in clinical isolates in Gram negative bacteria. The resistance mechanism found during this approach realized in Gram negative bacteria showed the evidence of an interspecies horizontal transfer especially by gene transfer or by moving elements such as integrons and gene cassettes.The molecular character of the causing agent of sepsis is important for epidemiological control of the infection and treatment in the newborn.

Keywords : Staphylococcus epidermidis; acetilation; aminoglycoside; integron; integrasa; microbial resistance.

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