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Infectio

Print version ISSN 0123-9392

Abstract

REY-BENITO, Gloria Janneth; CASTRO-JIMENEZ, Miguel Ángel  and  CASTILLO-PABON, José Orlando. Descriptive analysis of the first deaths for pandemic influenza (H1N1) 2009 in Colombia. Infect. [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.4, pp.254-258. ISSN 0123-9392.

Objective: To describe the demographic, clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of fatal cases in pandemic influenza A(H1N1) patients reported in Colombia by July 30, 2009. Materials and methods: This is a descriptive study. The primary source of information was the National System of Public Health Surveillance(SIVIGILA). Respiratory samples were gathered using throat swabs and analyzed with PCR specific tests (rRT-PCR) or genetic sequencing. In some of the fatal cases, lung, trachea and bronchia tissue samples were required to confirm the diagnosis. Qualitative variables were summarized using ratios and quantitative variables using arithmetic means. Results: By July 30, 16 deaths in patients infected by the new pandemic virus had been confirmed by laboratories. Out of these, nine were women and 15 had been hospitalized. The most frequent domicile among the fatal cases was Bogotá, and the mean age at death was 28.1. Shortness of breath, fever and cough were clinical manifestations present in all of the fatal cases. A 27 years-old woman who died was pregnant. Conclusions: The findings from deceased Colombian patients are similar to those reported in other countries. Further studies are required in order to determine the factors that increase risk of death from this disease in our country.

Keywords : Descriptive Epidemiology; Fatal Outcome; Influenza A Virus New H1N1 Subtype; Pandemic Influenza (H1N1).

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