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Infectio

Print version ISSN 0123-9392

Abstract

QUESADA ROMERO, LF; CASTANO OSORIO, JC  and  BILBAO, M. Antiparasitic effect of ethanolic and ethereal extracts of Ficus obtusifolia Kunth ( Moraceae), against nematode class parasites (Toxocara cati and Toxocara canis). Infect. [online]. 2009, vol.13, n.4, pp.259-267. ISSN 0123-9392.

The antiaparatsitic activity of ether and ethanol extract in Ficus obtusifolia Kunth ( Moraceae) leaves and fruits was assessed against Toxocara canis and Toxocara catis and the antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, E-coli and Proteus vulgaris. Likewise, phytochemical screening was conducted to determine some secondary metabolites, and their toxicity was measured with Arthemia saline. Ethanol fruit extract showed a better mortality rate for adult parasites in vivo and showed higher embryonic inhibition in eggs of T. canis. No extract showed an inhibition halo in the Mueller-Hinton agar, which indicates that there is no antimicrobial activity. Increased toxicity was observed in contact with Arthemia saline at 24 hours for the ethanol extract of leaves and fruit.

Keywords : Ficus obtusifolia Kunth; Toxocara catis; Toxocara canis; etnopharmacy.

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