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Print version ISSN 0123-9392


CARDONA-ARIAS, Jaiberth; PUERTA-SUAREZ, Jenniffer  and  FLOREZ-DUQUE, Jenniffer. Prevalence of human papillomavirus virus and risk factors in men: a systematic review. Infect. [online]. 2011, vol.15, n.4, pp.268-276. ISSN 0123-9392.

Introduction: Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is responsible for various cancers of the genitourinary tract, it has been detected in 97.4% of cases of cervical cancer, despite its high prevalence, it has not been studied in men and investigations inform divergent results. Objective: To describe the prevalence of HPV infection in men and their risk factors, from the combination of several studies. Materials and methods: Systematic review of the literature based on studies published in English, Spanish and Portuguese in 10 multidisciplinary databases. Research included different populations, using a search protocol that included inclusion and exclusion criteria applied independently by three researchers. Results: We included 17 papers which correspond to a population of 8788 men, college students, military members, HIV infected or with other sexually transmitted infection and partners of women with cervical cancer or infected with HPV. The general prevalence of infection was 38%, ranging between 9% and 84%. The main risk factors for infection included sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral aspects. Conclusion: The decreasing prevalence of HPV infection depends on the implementation of intervention strategies that include men and with axis in risk factors and not in risk groups.

Keywords : HPV; frequency; prevalence, epidemiology; risk factor; men.

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