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vol.16 issue3Status of tuberculosis/HIV coinfection in the municipality of Armenia (Colombia): Ten years experienceSociodemographic and spatial transmission of tuberculosis in the city of Armenia (Colombia) author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Print version ISSN 0123-9392


ARENAS, Nelson Enrique et al. Clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of tuberculosis with antimicrobial resistance in Armenia, Quindio (Colombia). Infect. [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.3, pp.148-153. ISSN 0123-9392.

Objective: To analyze the socio-demographic and clinical diagnosis of patients with resistant tuberculosis in the municipality of Armenia in the period 2006-2009. Methods: We performed a retrospective descriptive study based on the notification of patients with resistant tuberculosis during the study period, data were taken from registrations under notification forms and individual treatment cards category IV. Results: 678 patients were admitted to the program of tuberculosis control between 2006 and 2009, 14 cases (2,0%) were resistant to at least one drug and from these cases 7 were multidrug resistant (MDR). In 21% of cases there was co-infection with HIV. The death rate in patients with MDR-TB was 71%. Amplification in resistance was observed in two cases which lead to further deterioration in the health status and death. Conclusion: Armenia has levels of resistance to anti tuberculosis drugs similar to the reported in the rest of Colombia. We found factors already know to be associated with resistance (drug addiction, social abandon, HIV co infection) but there were also cases without these factors and with primary MDR and high mortality, therefore is urgent to improve the public health measures for cases under treatment in this city.

Keywords : Tuberculosis; Resistance; First-line anti TB drugs.

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