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Print version ISSN 0123-9392


SANCHEZ, Marcela et al. Characterization of mecA gene of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from three population groups in Medellín. Infect. [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.2, pp.66-72. ISSN 0123-9392.

Introduction: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is involved in nosocomial infections, representing an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The rapid identification and molecular classification of resistance, such as the SSCmec complex, is essential to understanding the epidemiology of infection. Objective: To phenotypically characterize methicillin resistance and to genotype the SSCmec complex in S. aureus isolates collected from a cohort of patients from Medellín, Colombia. Materials and Methods: Cefoxtin resistance was evaluated in 41 S. aureus isolates, using the Kirby-Bauer method and determining the minimal bactericidal concentration of oxacillin. To confirm the presence of the mecA gene, conventional PCR was performed. The classification of the SSCmec complex was carried out by multiple PCR, amplifying 6 different loci in this gene. Results: Methicillin resistance and the presence of the mecA gene were confirmed in all isolates. A total of 17 were classified as SSCmec I, one as SSCmec II, and 21 SSCmec IV (only two isolates were not classified). Conclusions: Using this method, it was possible to classify 95% of the studied isolates, with a higher prevalence of SSCmec I and IV. The implementation of this technique allows the characterization of MRSA isolates and an appropriate management of the information by the members of the Hospital Infection Committee. Altogether, this method may have a positive impact on the treatment of patients with MRSA infections.

Keywords : S. aureus; Methicillin resistance; MecA Gen; SSC mec; Multiple polymerase chain reaction; Health care associated Infections.

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