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Infectio

Print version ISSN 0123-9392

Abstract

TORO, Mayra Diosa; VELILLA, Paula Andrea; RUGELES, María Teresa  and  JAIMES, Fabián Alberto. Increased frequency of NK and gamma delta 1 T cells in a cohort of patients with sepsis *. Infect. [online]. 2013, vol.17, n.4, pp.177-184. ISSN 0123-9392.

Introduction: The mechanisms involved in the immunopathogenesis of sepsis are not well established. The clinical and therapeutic relevance of several soluble mediators has been described and the contribution of cellular components with immunoregulatory roles has begun to be elucidated. Objective: To describe changes in the frequency and production of IFN- γ and IL-10 occurring in NK cells and γδ T lymphocytes in a cohort of patients with different manifestations of septic syndrome. Materials and methods: This was a prospective cohort study. Patients with sepsis (n=26), and severe sepsis (n=83) from adult emergency rooms and intensive care units, as well as healthy volunteers (n=8), were included. For all participants, the frequency and phenotype of NK cells and γδ T lymphocytes and the percentage of IFN- γ and IL-10 positive NK and γδ T cells were evaluated by flow cytometry. The NK cells were phenotyped based on the expression of CD56 and CD16 and the γδ T cells on the expression of d 1 and d 2 chains. Results: Patients with sepsis and severe sepsis exhibited an increase in the frequency of NK cells with changes in the proportion of the CD56 bright /CD16¯, CD56 bright /CD16 dim and CD56 dim CD16¯ subpopulations; these cells showed a proinflammatory cytokine profile. A decrease in the V d 2 subset of γδ T lymphocyte s was also observed. Conclusions: Our results indicate a role for NK and γδ T cells during sepsis, however, their exact contribution in the pathogenesis of sepsis syndrome requires further studies.

Keywords : Sepsis; NK cells; γδ T lymphocytes; Immunomodulation; IL-10; IFN- γ.

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