SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.19 issue4Microbiological aspects in the diagnosis of urinary tract infections author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google



Print version ISSN 0123-9392


ALVIS-GUZMAN, Nelson et al. Cost of treatment for severe acute respiratory infection in Nicaraguan children. Infect. [online]. 2015, vol.19, n.4, pp.144-149. ISSN 0123-9392.

Objective: To estimate the costs of treatment for severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) in children in Nicaragua. Methods: A cost assessment was carried out on a random sample of inpatients during 2009-2011 who were treated in one pediatric universitary hospital in Nicaragua. A random sample of patients diagnosed with SARI (ICD-10) was calculated based on parameters from the literature. The average cost per patient was estimated. Costs were expressed in local currency and US dollar values in 2011. Results: The total average cost of healthcare per case was US$314.9 (confidence interval [CI]95%: 280.10-US$349.70) and US$971.60 (655.50-US$1287.80) for those requiring intensive care unit (ICU). Around 41% of the general hospitalization costs are due to the cost of the hospitalization while for those costs involving ICU care, 52% are due to drugs costs. Conclusion: We estimated an average cost per case expressed with their respective CI by microcosts analysis for SARI health care in Nicaraguan children. These costs may be representative of the population with this diagnosis in Nicaraguan hospitals with similar epidemiological profile.

Keywords : Severe acute respiratory infection; Direct care costs; Nicaragua.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )