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Print version ISSN 0123-9392


PATINO-NINO, Jaime A. et al. Probable case of murine typhus with respiratory failure in an adolescent from the urban area of Cali, Colombia . Infect. [online]. 2016, vol.20, n.2, pp.97-100. ISSN 0123-9392.

Murine typhus is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Rickettsia typhi . We report a case of a 13-year old female patient from the urban area of the city of Cali, who presented with fever, associated with tachypnoea and generalised maculopapular exanthema on the trunk and limbs. During the first 48 h in the paediatric ICU, she rapidly deteriorated, with persistent fever, increased acute phase reactants, bilateral interstitial pulmonary infiltrates and pleural effusion requiring noninvasive ventilation. Treatment with doxycycline was initiated due to a suspected infection by rickettsial agents. Twenty-four hours later the patient presented clinical improvement and resolution of the exanthema, thus the non-invasive ventilation was withdrawn. By means of a indirect immunofluorescence test, titres of 1:512 were shown against the typhus group, leading to the probable diagnosis of murine typhus.

Keywords : Typhus; Endemic flea-borne; Rickettsia typhi ; Rickettsiaceae infections; Respiratory insufficiency; Colombia.

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