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Print version ISSN 0123-9392


MONTILLA-ESCUDERO, Efraín Andrés; ROJAS-BAQUERO, Fabiola  and  ULLOA-VIRGUEZ, Adriana Paola. Concordancia entre las técnicas de IFD, PCR y ELISA para determinar la frecuencia de Bordetella parapertussis y Bordetella pertussis en un brote de tos ferina en el departamento de Antioquia (Colombia) en 2013Correlation among the DIF, PCR and ELISA techniques for determining the frequency of Bordetella parapertussis and Bordetella pertussis in an outbreak of whoopingcough in the department of Antioquia, Colombia, 2013 . Infect. [online]. 2016, vol.20, n.3, pp.138-150. ISSN 0123-9392.

Objective: To determine the correlation between diagnostic techniques and to confirm the diagnosis of probable cases of whooping cough captured by direct immunofluorescence (DIF) during an outbreak in 2013 in the department of Antioquia. Materials and methods: We analysed the demographic, clinical, and epidemiological data and the laboratory results of probable cases of whooping cough confirmed by DIF at a peak of whooping cough in 2013 in the department of Antioquia. The nasopharyngeal aspirate and serum samples were collected and received between the epidemiological periods IV - VII of 2013. All patients confirmed by DIF were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and/or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The analysis of agreement was performed using the kappa index. Results: Of the 180 samples processed in the public health laboratory of Antioquia, 134 (74%) were positive using the DIF technique of which 109 samples were confirmed by PCR, with 24 (22%)samples positive for B. parapertussis , 3 (2.8%) for B. pertussis , 17 (15.6%) for Bordetella spp. and18 (16.5%) for mixed infection by B. pertussis and B. parapertussis . Of the 81 cases confirmed by ELISA, 31 (38.3%) were positive. In the municipality of La Estrella, the mean age of the confirmed cases was 6.6 years, and the median was 3 years (range, 2-4 years). For the municipality of Medellin, the mean age was 28.7 years, and the median was 25 years (range, 12-42 years). For most of the symptoms, there were no significant differences, except for paroxysmal cough among the confirmed cases of B. parapertussis and B. pertussis ( p = <.04) in the municipality of La Estrella. According to the kappa index, the results showed poor correlation strength and no agreement with the results of the PCR and ELISA tests compared with DIF, kappa index: (DIF/PCR: K = 0.0944) and (DIF/ELISA: K = - 0.4533). Conclusions: During this analysis in 2013, Antioquia was affected by the circulation of B. parapertussis and B. pertussis in the adolescent and adult population in Medellin and the 2-4 year-old population in La Estrella. Currently, PCR and ELISA are the recommended techniques for diagnosing whooping cough. Due to its subjectivity and low correlation, DIF is in disuse.

Keywords : Bordetella pertussis; Bordetella parapertussis; Whooping cough; Polymerase chain reaction; Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; Direct immunofluorescence.

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