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Infectio

Print version ISSN 0123-9392

Abstract

REYES-CHACON, Jorge Aníbal et al. Carbapenem inactivation, an alternative method to detect carbapenemase type KPC in Enterobacteriacea. Infect. [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.4, pp.251-254. ISSN 0123-9392.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22354/in.v21i4.688.

Objective:

To compare the carbapenem inactivation method (CIM *) with the Modified Hodge Test (MHT), the acid 3-aminophenylboronic test(APB) and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of the blaKPC gene for the identification of KPC carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ECP).

Materials and Methods:

We selected 88 susceptible and 91 carbapenems resistant clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Escherichia coli, Serratia marcescens and Citrobacter freundii. We performed APB and CIM* according to previously published methods and the MHT according to CLSI 100S Edition 26-2016. The blaKPC gene was identified by PCR multiplex.

Results:

The CIM* had a sensitivity and specificity close to 100% and a kappa score of 1 compared with gold standard PCR. The absence of zone diameter was observed in all isolated KPC producers, unlike in isolates susceptible to carbapenems, where a zone diameter >19mm was observed. Three percent of false positive and five percent of false negative was observed in THM and ABP respectively.

Discussion and conclusions:

The CIM* and the PCR were better than MHT and ABP at identifying carbapenemases in ECP. We recommend the routine use of the CIM* within the algorithm for ECP infection control.

Keywords : carbapenemase; Enterobacteriacea; polymerase chain reaction; inactivation.

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