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Print version ISSN 0123-9392


CASTILLO, Julieth Carolina et al. Epidemiological and clinical characterization in minors under 13 years living with HIV in Colombia. 2018: a crosssectional study. Infect. [online]. 2020, vol.24, n.4, pp.212-216. ISSN 0123-9392.


To describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of children living with HIV / AIDS in Colombia.


Retrospective observational study of analytical cross section, carried out in children under 13 years of age living with HIV / AIDS and who were reported to High Cost Diseases Fund in 2018. The prevalence of HIV / AIDS was estimated and children with HIV and children with AIDS were characterized.


655 children had the infection. The HIV / AIDS prevalence was 0.05 (95% CI; 0.04 - 0.07) per 1,000 children. 50.08% were female and 79.85% to the subsidized insurance. Mother-to-child transmission predominated in 89.16%. 83.21% of children used antiretroviral treatment and 50.08% were undetectable. The main diseases that defined AIDS were pneumonia and wasting syndrome. The region of residence, the last CD4 T cells counts and early diagnosis of HIV showed statistical differences between the groups.


Reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV has been a global goal; however, it was the main transmission mechanism in the children under 13 in Colombia. Actions should be directed to prevent transmission and early diagnosis of HIV.

Keywords : HIV; epidemiology; children; Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical; Colombia.

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