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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

SANABRIA ROJAS, Hernán; SARMIENTO BENVENUTO, Neptalí  and  MESONES, José S.. Knowledge and attitudes on HIV transmission in students from a medical school in Perú. Rev. salud pública [online]. 1999, vol.1, n.2, pp.152-157. ISSN 0124-0064.

A study was carried out in order to determine knowledge and attitudes regarding the transmission of the human immune deficiency virus HIV- among fourth year medical students that were on the epidemiology course at the School of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos in Lima. A questionnaire survey was applied to 204 students with 10 knowledge questions and 05 attitude questions regarding HIV transmission. 91,6 % of the answers on knowledge and 77% of those in attitudes were correct. 46 % of the students indicated that blood donors could transmit HIV; 10 % said that HIV infection could be transmitted via mosquitoes. As for the attitudes, 22% of those surveyed indicated that they would commit suicide if they were HIV infected. The attitude towards suicide was moderately associated with the male sex (OR=2.36). Therefore, most of the students have correct knowledge regarding HIV transmission and a lesser percentage of students, though also important, assumes incorrect attitudes.

Keywords : HIV transmission; AIDS; knowledge; attitudes; epidemiology.

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