SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.11 issue4Impact perception on health, social and physical environments of the municipal solid waste disposal site in CaliBody image and eating disorders author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064


MORA-SALAZAR, Otto E et al. Evaluating HIV pre-test counseling in people attending a national hospital in Lima, Peru. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2009, vol.11, n.4, pp.559-567. ISSN 0124-0064.

Objective Evaluating the knowledge acquired by the pre-test counselling programme in a national hospital in Lima Peru. Method A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out on 499 patients attending the National STI/HIV Prevention and Control Sanitary Strategy service after they had been counselled. The patients were intentionally selected by probabilistic means. A questionnaire having direct questions was applied; it had been previously validated by experts. 75 % of correct answers was defined as being a variable of correct knowledge and <75 % of correct answers as incorrect knowledge. Results 64.1 % (n=320) of the patients were female. The age group having a better level of knowledge after counselling was the 22-28 year old group, 40.3 % (n=201) (p<0.05). People having a partner diagnosed as having HIV/AIDS answered more questions correctly (12.3 on average). Men showed higher correct knowledge (63.6 %) related to women (36.4 %) (p<0.05). Only 4.4 % (n=22) of the patients had a correct level of knowledge. Conclusion The pre-test counselling programme did not improve knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS. It is thus suggested that the approach and method should be changed so that patients become well-informed, thereby reducing STI and HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality.

Keywords : Counselling; HIV; knowledge; test.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License