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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

MORA-SALAZAR, Otto E et al. Evaluating HIV pre-test counseling in people attending a national hospital in Lima, Peru. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2009, vol.11, n.4, pp.559-567. ISSN 0124-0064.

Objective Evaluating the knowledge acquired by the pre-test counselling programme in a national hospital in Lima Peru. Method A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out on 499 patients attending the National STI/HIV Prevention and Control Sanitary Strategy service after they had been counselled. The patients were intentionally selected by probabilistic means. A questionnaire having direct questions was applied; it had been previously validated by experts. 75 % of correct answers was defined as being a variable of correct knowledge and <75 % of correct answers as incorrect knowledge. Results 64.1 % (n=320) of the patients were female. The age group having a better level of knowledge after counselling was the 22-28 year old group, 40.3 % (n=201) (p<0.05). People having a partner diagnosed as having HIV/AIDS answered more questions correctly (12.3 on average). Men showed higher correct knowledge (63.6 %) related to women (36.4 %) (p<0.05). Only 4.4 % (n=22) of the patients had a correct level of knowledge. Conclusion The pre-test counselling programme did not improve knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS. It is thus suggested that the approach and method should be changed so that patients become well-informed, thereby reducing STI and HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality.

Keywords : Counselling; HIV; knowledge; test.

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