Revista de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 0124-0064
DENIS, Jean L; LAMOTHE, Lise; LANGLEY, Ann and STEPHANE, Guérard. Governance and Health: The rise of the managerialism in public sector reform. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2010, vol.12, suppl.1, pp. 105-122. ISSN 0124-0064.
The article examines various healthcare systems reform projects in Canada and some Canadian provinces and reveals some tendencies in governance renewal. The analisis is based on the hypothesis that reform is an exercise aiming at the renewal of governance conception and practices. In renewing governance, reform leaders hope to use adequate and effective levers to attain announced reform objectives. The article shows that the conceptions and operational modalities of governance have changed over time and that they reveal tensions inherent to the transformation and legitimation process of public healthcare systems. The first section discusses the relationships between reform and change. The second section defines the conception of gouvernance used for the analisis. Based on a content analisis of the various reform reports, the third section reveals the evolution of the conception of governance in healthcare systems in Canada. In order to expose the new tendencies, ideologies and operational principles at the heart of the reform projects are analysed. Five ideologies are identified: the democratic ideology, the "population health" ideology, the business ideology, the managerial ideology and the ideology of equity and humanism. This leads to a discussion on the dominant influence of the managerial ideology in the current reform projects.
Keywords : Governance; reform; healthcare systems.