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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

GOMEZ-SOTELO, ángela et al. Social representations of motherhood and pregnancy in adolescents attending their first pregnancy and adolescents with more than one pregnancy. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2012, vol.14, n.2, pp.189-199. ISSN 0124-0064.

Objective Characterizingze the social representations of motherhood and pregnancy in two groups, adolescents who are attending their first pregnancy and adolescents with more than one pregnancy. Materials and methods The study used a design based on interpretative and qualitative research method. Our data were collected as a network of associations, depth interviews and participant observation. Individual methodological triangulation from the groups of participants and the whole group were performed. Results Social representations of pregnancy and childbearing among adolescents in both groups converges on: new social status, fear of family rejection and important decisions. And while the exclusive social representations of the adolescents in their first pregnancy are: the postponement of studies, family and economic dependence and the figure of the father as a provider; those adolescents with more than one pregnancy are linked to school dropout, family and economic independence and the father of the child being the emotional container. Besides, baby ranks a distintic place in both groups. While the figurative nucleous attached wih love is present in women with more than one pregnancy, this is not the care center and such importance becomes relegated to different representation contents. Conclusions The study absolutely show that it isn't through ignorance or lack of information that teenagers become pregnant. Teenage pregnancy is a complex phenomenon and the prevention of it should focus on the construction of the subjects to whom specific interventions are targeted.

Keywords : Qualitative research; pregnancy in adolescence; social perception.

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