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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064


NIETO, Olga A.; GARCIA, Diana M.; JIMENEZ, Jorge A.  and  LANDAZURI, Patricia. Effect of exercise on high density lipoprotein subpopulations and blood pressure. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.1, pp.12-22. ISSN 0124-0064.

Objetive Determine the relationship of exercise with serum levels of apoA-I and HDL2 and HDL3, subpopulations in hypertensive individuals from the city of Armenia - Quindío. Methods The interventions were two months of exercise. Blood pressure was taken with the recommendations of the Ministry of Health of Colombia. HDL subpopulations were measured with the method of precipitate ionicand the apoA-I was measured using nephelometry of Bindig site. Results Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. A total of 160 patients of whom 125 remained until the end of the project were gathered, that is, there was a 78.12 % retention, 28 % did the exercise. The analysis showed a highly significant reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, higher in people who did exercise. The HDL were below normal before exercise, significantly increased with exercise but still remained below the reference values, the HDL2 increased significantly, while HDL3 decreased with  normal levels of apoA-I. Conclusion This study shows that exercise increases the total HDL, but the most important is that exercise modified the HDL subpopulations in a relationship that favors those which seem to have ateroprotective properties. The evidence of the interrelationship between protective factors provides new arguments for public health actions against the cardiovascular risk and hypertension.

Keywords : Hypertension; exercise; lipoproteins; HDL2; HDL3; public health.

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