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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

ALVIS-GOMEZ, Martina K.  and  NEIRA-TOLOSA, Nury A.. A quantitative approach to sports training-adapted social determinants concerning sport. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.6, pp.794-802. ISSN 0124-0064.

Objective Identifying and quantitatively analysing social determinants affecting disabled teenagers' inclusion/exclusion in high-performance sports. Method This was a descriptive cross-sectional study involving 19 12- to 19-year-old athletes suffering physical and sensory disability and 17 staff from the District Institute of Recreation and Sport. Likert-type rating scales were used, based on four analysis categories, i.e. social structure, socio-economic, educational and living condition determinants. Results Social inequity pervades the national paralympic sports' system. This is because 74 % of individuals only become recognised as sportspeople when they have obtained meritorious results in set competition without appropriate conditions having been previously provided by such paralympic sports institution to enable them to overcome structural and intermediate barriers. Conclusions The social structure imposed on district-based paralympic sport stigmatises individuals regarding their individual abilities, affects their empowerment and freedom due to the discrimination experienced by disabled teenagers regarding their competitive achievements.

Keywords : Adapted sporting conditions; disability; inclusion; exclusion; adolescent; social determinants of health.

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