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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

HERNANDEZ- MARQUEZ, Clara I; SALINAS-URBINA, Addis A; CRUZ-VALDEZ, Aurelio  and  HERNANDEZ-GIRON, Carlos. Knowledge of human papilloma virus (HPV) and acceptance of vaginal self-sampling among Mexican woman. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.5, pp.697-708. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v16n5.30071.

Objective To analyze the relationship between the level of knowledge about human papilloma virus and the acceptance of vaginal self-sampling as a cervical cancer diagnostic test among Mexican women who have already experienced vaginal self-sampling at home. Methods A structured questionnaire consisting of 22 questions was applied to 690 women in the state of Morelos who had taken a vaginal self-sample at home. The aspects explored were the level of knowledge about transmission of the human papilloma virus, identification of the virus as a necessary cause of cervical cancer, and clinical manifestations of infection and treatment. A knowledge index was constructed, identifying the relationship between the index and the women's acceptance of self-sampling, and their degree of trust in the procedure. The statistical analysis included a logistic regression with estimates of measures of association and their respective 95% confidence intervals. Results The level of knowledge about human papillomavirus showed a positive association with the degree of acceptance of vaginal self-sampling (OR 2.9; 95% CI 1.0-5.01) and the women's level of confidence (OR 2.9; 95% CI 1.8-4.67). The level of knowledge increased with level of education and was higher in younger women. Conclusions In order for women with an increased risk of cervical cancer to continue participating in vaginal self-sampling, they must be well informed about the virus. This is especially true for older women, those with lower levels of education, and those in lower socioeconomic levels.

Keywords : Human papillomavirus; diagnosis; infection; health care.

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