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Revista de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 0124-0064

Abstract

LEIVA-BIANCHI, Marcelo; CANDIA, Claudia  and  MONTECINO, Karla. Factors that influence comorbidity from panic disorder and PTSD after earthquakes. Rev. salud pública [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.5, pp.773-743. ISSN 0124-0064.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v16n5.40164.

Objective After the earthquake and tsunami in Chile (F-27), we studied the effect of socio-demographic factors, exposure to the event, and state aid received on comorbidity from panic disorder (PD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Method Surveys that include the administration of the Davidson Trauma Scale (DTS) to 246 inhabitants. Results 19.1 % comorbidity was found (r=.583, R2=.340, p<.01). Females homeowners have a higher risk of PD and PTSD. State aid is associated with more cases of PD. Conclusions We designed risk/resistance profilesagainst earthquakes/tsunamis and an instrument to detect cases at risk of PTSD. We suggest guidelines so that the government can improve its role after disasters.

Keywords : Comorbidity; prevalence; post-traumatic stress disorders; panic disorder; mental health; public health; earthquakes; tsunamis.

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